Sulfur Electron Configuration

What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. This program determines the information shown below for either an atom or an ion. Sulfur is in Group 16 A, Period 3. Nonetheless, if you are writing electron configurations, you'll need to take inner shell electrons into consideration as well. Commonly, the electron configuration is used to describe the orbitals of an atom in its ground state, but it can also be used to represent an atom that has ionized into a cation or anion by compensating. Each orbital holds 2 electrons. The electron configuration (electronic configuration) of an atom of sulfur is 2,8,6 An atom of sulfur has 2 electrons in the first energy level (K shell), 8 electrons in the second energy level (L shell) and 6 electrons in the third energy level (M shell). Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. When combined with water (H 2 O), sulfur dioxide forms sulfurous acid (H 2 SO 3), a weak acid that is a major component of acid rain. The electronic structure of s- and p-block ions. Since 1s can only hold two electrons the remaining 2 electrons for Be go in the 2s orbital. Electrons occupy orbitals of the lowest energy available. An atom of Sulfur in the gas phase, for example, gives off energy when it gains an electron to form an ion of Sulfur. What she was doing was writing the electron configuration of silicon. 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 is the electronic configuration of argon, so instead of writing this out over and over again, it's neater to write [Ar], which means the same thing. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral sulfur is [Ne]. n = 3, l = 1, ml = 0, ms = -1/2 b. The maximum electrons that can be carried by the sub-shell S is 2, by P is 6, by D is 10, and the F sub-shell can carry 14. The shorthand notation for the electron configuration of Sulfur is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4. Atomic symbol: S. Now quicker way to do that is to look at that periodic table and find the noble gas that comes prior to the sulfur, that would be neon. The electron configuration of an atom describes the orbitals occupied by electrons on the atom. Sulfur's atomic number is 16; therefore, it has 16 electrons in its outermost energy level. Carbon atom has 4 electrons in its valence shell and, therefore, it can attain a noble gas configuration either by losing or gaining or sharing 4 electrons. This fast and accurate online calculator will help you find the electron configuration of all the elements on the Periodic Table of Elements. TOF Mass Spectroscopy & Electron Configuration Questions (d) Bromine has two isotopes, 79Br and 81Br, in approximately equal abundance. "Oxide" itself is the dianion of oxygen, an O 2– atom. The Octet Rule Our discussion of valence electron configurations leads us to one of the cardinal tenets of chemical bonding, the octet rule. Predict the charge or charges for the ions formed by atoms of (a) scandium, Sc, (b) gallium, Ga, and (c) sulfur, S. How many valence electrons does a tin (Sn) atom have? 17. Oxygen, on the other hand, has two electron rings with an inner ring having 2 electrons, which is cool because that is a stable configuration. Draw orbital diagrams for the shorthand configuration of Ni and Ge. The structure of the Periodic table of elements is partly based on electron configuration. This is because it has 3 electron domains - the 6 valence electrons for sulfur form 2 single bonds with 2 oxygen atoms and sulfur has one non-bonding lone pair. This reaction with hydrogen epitomizes how differently oxygen and sulfur act despite their common valence electron configuration and common nonmetallic properties. Hint: You should have the electron orbital diagrams for all of these from last night’s homework and today’s warm-up. In the case of Nickel the abbreviated electron configuration is [Ar] 3d8 4s2. So it is reactive elements. Initially, a H 2-based MBfR reduced sulfate to sulfide, and an O 2-based MBfR then oxidized sulfide to S 0. Periodic table » Barium » Electron configuration. Electron configuration using the diagonal rule for Phosphorus and Sulfur. Nevertheless, check the complete configuration and other interesting facts about Nickel that most people don't know. Chapter 15: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds-- Electron Configuration in Ionic Bonding --Electron Configurations for Cations 1s22s22p63s1 →1s22s22p6 + e- 8 valence electrons in the highest energy level. : S 6+ solute is a macronutrient on land. An atom's electron configuration is a numeric representation of its electron orbitals. 1) The condensed electron configuration of sulfur, element 16, is _____. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral titanium is [Ar]. 4s2 and the term symbol is 3F2. Electron configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4. Video: Sulfur Electron Configuration Notation The configuration notation provides an easy way for scientists to write and communicate how electrons are arranged around the nucleus of an atom. 3c Electron Configurations for Elements in Periods 4–7 7. The Kossel shell structure of sulfur. Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas with a pungent odor. The periodic table is structured so that elements with the same type of valence electron configuration are arranged in columns. The other members of group 8 have a characteristic valence shell electron octet (ns 2 + np x 2 + np. [Hint: compare to other cases In which a new subshell appears. Schematic electronic configuration of tellurium. Electron Configuration An electron configuration is a description of electron arrangement within an atom, which indicates both population and location of electrons among the various atomic orbitals. The following electron configurations belong to which elements: 21) 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 1 sodium 22) 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 6 ruthenium. Electron Configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 p 6 3s 2 p 4; Electrons per Energy Level: Sulfur - S (EnvironmentalChemistry. The sodium atom loses its outer electron to become a sodium ion. Home; Czech version; Table; Periodic table » Barium » Electron configuration. 3 p e- lowea+ How might you explain the fact that the 2P peak for sulfur is further to the left than the 2P. This upper right section of non-metals are the most reactive and have the highest electronegativity. Each of those colored balls is an electron. Electron configuration of Sulfur is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. The ground state electron configuration for sodium is The ground state electron configuration for sodium is. The sublevel closest to the nucleus has the lowest energy. Mg: ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø 1s 2s 2p 3s 5. The electron configuration of the synthetic element livermorium (believed to be a chalcogen) is predicted to be [Rn]5f 14 6d 10 7s 2. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral sulfur is [Ne]. If an atom gains electrons it acquires a negative charge. Because sulfur is directly below oxygen in the periodic table, these elements have similar electron configurations. Which period contains the element sodium?. This tells you that the first energy level. The electron configuration for sulfur is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4. How many valence electrons does a tin (Sn) atom have? 17. What makes sulfur monoxide and diatomic sulfur so unstable considering it has a similar electron configuration as oxygen? In a galvanic cell, why do electrons move through the wire from Zn -> Cu 60 · 10 comments. So the number of electron must be 15 , right ? But , what if m = 1 ? Does it effect the number of. Whatever the surf…. Electron configurations are based primarily on three principles: the Aufbau principle, the Pauli exclusion principle, and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral titanium is [Ar]. Start studying Straighterline Chemistry Final. The impacts of surface loading, hydrogen-gas and compressed-air pressures, and system configuration were evaluated with respect to the removal of sulfate and the amount of elemental sulfur generated. For example, sulfur dioxide, SO2, electron-domain geometry is trigonal planar. 30 seconds. Write the electron configuration of sulfur. The yellow-orange line in the sodium spectrum, for example, is produced by the emission of energy when excited sodium atoms return to their ground state. However, both serve a useful purpose in predicting reactivity. NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) Xiang, Wenfeng; Hu, Mingh. Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and the shell structureis 2. What she was doing was writing the electron configuration of silicon. Sulfur has a nominal density of 2 gm/cm 3, but in its rhombic crystalline form it has a density of 5. Most of the Earth's crust consists of solid oxides, the result of elements being oxidized by the oxygen in air or in water. What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. This reaction with hydrogen epitomizes how differently oxygen and sulfur act despite their common valence electron configuration and common nonmetallic properties. Even materials considered pure elements often develop an oxide coating. Write an abbreviated electron configuration for each ion and use it to explain why the ion acquires the charge it does. The electron configuration of an atom describes the orbitals occupied by electrons on the atom. One point is. 11th - 12th grade. For example, this is the electron configuration table for gold:. Ca 2+ or Ca +2. The number represent the number of electron on that ring. How is the electron arrangement liken to that of a Hotel room (Hotel del Orbital) ? … For oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and tellerium, there are six (6) valence … Apr 07, 2008 · Explain how the valence electron configuration of sulfur is consistent with the existence of sodium sulfide? … Valence electron configurations?. Nevertheless, check the complete configuration and other interesting facts about Sulfur that most people don't know. However, there are exceptions. The total number of electrons in an atom of sulfur = 2 + 8 + 6 = 16. Germanium Electronic configuration. When an electron is added to a neutral atom, energy is released. Recall that orbitals represent probability distributions meaning that there is a high probability of finding this electron somewhere within this spherical region. Our sulfur page has over 300 facts that span 107 different quantities. 3b Electron Configurations for Elements in Periods 1–3 7. That wouldn't be true if the outer electron in potassium was 3d 1. Name of Element : Sulfur Atomic Weight : 32. Phosphorus has 15 electrons so the electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3 Sulfur has 16 electrons and fills up the. ? Express your answer as the symbol for the element followed by the numbers of electrons in each shell, separated by commas. Configuration of Kr is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6, so [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 means 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 - that's configuration of neutral Cd atom. Spectral lines are produced when the atom returns to its ground state. Start studying Straighterline Chemistry Final. It is in the non-metal section of the periodic table and holds a level 3 energy level. The corresponding electron configuration is A. Sulfur has a nominal density of 2 gm/cm 3, but in its rhombic crystalline form it has a density of 5. Use arrows to show electron pairing in the valence P subshell of sulfur, bromide, and silicon. On the spectrum, sketch in the relative locations and correct peak heights for the spectrum of aluminum (atomic number = 13). Write an electron configuration for element X that shows the atom in a different excited state. 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^1(2, 8, 1). How many electrons can the first energy level hold? answer choices. Both sulfides and sulfates are important classes of minerals. For example, sulfur dioxide, SO2, electron-domain geometry is trigonal planar. Another word is 3 electron shells and 18 electrons. Each orbital has a unique size (n value), shape (l value), and spatial orientation (m l value). Electron configuration was first conceived under the Bohr model of the atom, and it is still common to speak of shells and subshells despite the advances in understanding of the quantum-mechanical nature of electrons. 3 p e- lowea+ How might you explain the fact that the 2P peak for sulfur is further to the left than the 2P. To save room, the configurations are in noble gas shorthand. Sulfur dioxide (SO 2), formed by burning sulfur in air, is used as a bleaching agent, solvent, disinfectant and as a refrigerant. It is in the non-metal section of the periodic table and holds a level 3 energy level. s2p3 N, P, As, Sb, Bi c. ” Ultramicroscopy, vol. In writing the electron configuration for Sulfur the first two electrons will go in the 1s orbital. In this section we will discuss the energy level of the electron of a hydrogen atom, and how it changes as the electron undergoes transition. Hence it has three shells and 6 electrons in the last shell. Atomic Electron Configurations - Oneonta. S1†) was performed using the Z-matrices, which were built with the help of the newzmat utility in the Gaussian package. The content that follows is the substance of General Chemistry Lecture 26. Nevertheless, check the complete configuration and other interesting facts about Sulfur that most people don't know. The electron-pair geometry is trigonal-planar, the molecular geometry is trigonal-planar. Going from group 5A to 6A elements, you need to look at what happens to the electrons. The sodium atom loses its outer electron to become a sodium ion. 1 Atomic Number : 16 Group : Non-Metals Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2. Written in full this is 1s2 2s2 2s6 3s2 3p2. Ca 2+ or Ca +2. Pure sulfur is a tasteless, odorless, brittle solid that is pale yellow in color, a poor conductor of electricity, and insoluble in water. The configuration describes the n and l values for all the electrons in an atom. The electrons are firstly filled into the sublevel having lowest energy. Its electron configuration is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 1. A representation of the atomic spectrum of sulfur. The configuration notation provides an easy way for scientists to write and communicate how electrons are. Electron Configuration Review Directions For 1-7: Given the element Sulfur (Atomic Number 16, Mass Number 32), please provide all the following information for this element. 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^6. The Kossel shell structure of tellurium. Electron configurations of atoms follow a standard notation in which all electron-containing atomic subshells (with the number of electrons they hold written in superscript) are placed in a sequence. 066 Discovery: Known since prehistoric time Element Classification: Non-Metal Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 Word Origin: Sanskrit: sulvere, Latin: sulpur, sulphurium: words for sulfur or brimstone. An sulfur atom (S) has 16 electrons means having an electron configuration as follows: 1s², 2s², 2p⁶, 3s², 3p⁴ or we can write with the noble gas symbol [Ne] 3s² 3p⁴ From this configuration, it has been seen that the last electron (16th electron) occupies a 3p orbital (3p⁴) orbital with a downward symbol The quantum number: n = 3 l = 1. The sodium ion still has 11 protons (11 positive charges) but now only 10 electrons (10 negative charges). Concise Form of Electron Configuration Notation. Router Screenshots for the Sagemcom Fast 5260 - Charter. Gallium Where are the Electrons? Write the full electron configuration, short-hand electron configuration, and fill in the orbital diagrams, for the following elements. These positions are called energy levels or shells of 2n 2 electron configuration electron arrangement in an atom electron configuration-energy levels electron config examples. selenium ==> [Ar] 3d10, 4s2 4p4. “Structure Determination of -Bi8Pb5O17 by Electron and Powder X-Ray Di € Raction. The yellow-orange line in the sodium spectrum, for example, is produced by the emission of energy when excited sodium atoms return to their ground state. Phosphorus has 15 electrons so the electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3 Sulfur has 16 electrons and fills up the. So let's write that out. -Write the ground-state electron configuration for the chloride ion. For example, this is the electron configuration table for gold:. Draw five protons in the nucleus of the atom. However unlike for hydrogen atom a closed solution to the Schrödinger equation for the many-electron atoms like the sulfur atom has not been found. EnvironmentalChemistry. Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table. S1†) was performed using the Z-matrices, which were built with the help of the newzmat utility in the Gaussian package. S + e – → S – – ∆H = Affinity = 200 kJ/mol. In the present work, we report a novel three-dimensional graphene-wrapped porous carbon (3D-G) to accommodate sulfur, which consists of outside highly. Therefore, you should write the electron configuration for 18 electrons. Sulfur is in Group 16 A, Period 3. In this lecture we continue the discussion of Quantum Numbers and their use in Electron Configurations as well as the relationship of electron configuration to the periodic properties of the elements. To write the electron configuration of an atom, identify the energy level of interest and write the number of electrons in the energy level as its superscript as follows: 1s 2. These characteristic peaks correspond to the electron configuration of the electrons within the atoms. Interestingly, some bacteria have evolved to make use of oxidized sulfur , sulfate, as an electron acceptor during respiration. It is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. 243 Applied Surface Science 47 (1991) 243-250 North-Holland Segregation of sulfur during growth of oxide scales H. The electron configurations of the first ten elements are shown below (note that the valence electrons are the electron in highest energy shell, not just the electrons in the highest energy subshell). Write an electron configuration for element X that shows the atom in a different excited state. 3p4and the term symbolis 3P2. Sulfur has a valence electron configuration of 3s23p4. Which of the following is a valid set of quantum numbers for the last electron added to the ground state electron configuration for nickel? a. Oxygen, on the other hand, has two electron rings with an inner ring having 2 electrons, which is cool because that is a stable configuration. Atomic Number: 16. Materials and methods 2. Analogously, under photosynthetic conditions, reverse electron flow takes place with a higher rate due to a higher influx of electrons from succinate. Each sulphur atom in SF 6 molecule creates a covalent bond with 6 fluorine atoms. Capacityis 8 ) 1st orbit has only 1s orbital. Electron configuration Mn2+ Post by Chem_Mod » Thu Nov 17, 2011 6:52 pm In some places, the electron configuration for, for example, Mn2+ (or other metals) is [Ar]3d5 and in other places 3d3 4s2. To begin with, Sulfur (S) has an electronic configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p6. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow, crystalline solid at room temperature. Give The Full Electron Configuration For Sulfur And The "3s^2 3p^4" Isn't The Right Answer! Question: Give The Full Electron Configuration For Sulfur And The "3s^2 3p^4" Isn't The Right Answer! This problem has been solved!. 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^1(2, 8, 1). Experimental configuration, inoculation and operation. Write the full electron configuration of sulfur. -Write the ground-state electron configuration for the chloride ion. The notation describes the energy levels, orbitals and the number of electrons in each. What is the ground state electron configuration of sulfur, whose atomic number is 16? 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^4 Which best explains why an Al3+ ion is smaller than an Al atom? In forming the Al3+ ion, the Al atom loses the electrons in its outermost energy level, causing a decrease in the atomic radius. Write the electron configurations for neutral atoms of gallium (GaGa), chlorine (ClCl), phosphorus (PP), calcium (CaCa), and sulfur (SS). In this section we will discuss the energy level of the electron of a hydrogen atom, and how it changes as the electron undergoes transition. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral sulfur is [Ne]. This decides the electron capacity of the. How to Make a Model of a Sulfur Atom. Helium is unique since its valence shell consists of a single s-orbital. Materials and methods 2. Sulfur has a valence electron configuration of 3s23p4. In a TOF mass spectrometer bromine forms ions with formula [Br 2]+ Sketch the pattern of peaks you would expect to see in the mass spectrum of a sample of bromine. Capacity is 2 ) No. In these elements the valence s orbitals are being filled. In that notation 1s 2 means principal quantum number 1, s-type orbital, 2 e - ; 2s 2 means principal quantum number 2, s-type orbital, 2 e - ; 2p 6 means principal quantum number 2, p-type orbital, 6 e - and so on. TOF Mass Spectroscopy & Electron Configuration Questions (d) Bromine has two isotopes, 79Br and 81Br, in approximately equal abundance. T he electron configuration for Sulfur is (Ne) 3s^2 3p^4. Kaliambos (Natural Philosopher in New Energy) November 5, 2015 Sulfur is an atom of the chemical element sulfur with symbol S and atomic number 16. 3p4and the term symbolis 3P2. ) Fill in order of increasing n 3. What Is The Ground State Electron Configuration Of Sulfur, Whose Atomic Number Is 16? A) 1s^21p^62s^22p^6. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent. The electron configuration of an atom is the representation of the arrangement of electrons distributed among the orbital shells and subshells. The chemical properties of the elements reflect their electron configurations. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What is the correct orbital box diagram for the ground state electron configuration of Cr? 13. Electron Configuration. Each orbital holds 2 electrons. Schematic electronic configuration of sulfur. Hint: You should have the electron orbital diagrams for all of these from last night’s homework and today’s warm-up. : S 6+ is essential to nutrition of at least some vertebrates ('essential minerals'). Worksheet #7 Atomic Orbitals and Electron Configurations (4p. Sulfur Overview Sulfur Complete Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 Abbreviated Electron Configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p4 Sources. Electronic configuration represents the arrangement of electrons in an atom. In these elements the valence s orbitals are being filled. How many unpaired electrons does a ground-state atom of sulfur have? 14. 3b Electron Configurations for Elements in Periods 1–3 7. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2. Question: What is the electron configuration of a neutral sulfur (S) atom in the ground state? Z=16 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4 Question: Consider a neutral sulfur (S) atom in the ground state. Nickel Overview Nickel Complete Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4 s2 3 d8 Abbreviated Electron Configuration [Ar] 3d8 4s2 Sources. Experimental configuration, inoculation and operation. The electron configurations of the first ten elements are shown below (note that the valence electrons are the electron in highest energy shell, not just the electrons in the highest energy subshell). However unlike for hydrogen atom a closed solution to the Schrödinger equation for the many-electron atoms like the sulfur atom has not been. Favorite Answer. Sulfide ion have 18 electrons, thus we have to draw 3 rings and 18 "x". TOF Mass Spectroscopy & Electron Configuration Questions (d) Bromine has two isotopes, 79Br and 81Br, in approximately equal abundance. Give the full electron configuration for sulfur and the "3s^2 3p^4" isn't the right answer!. The impacts of surface loading, hydrogen-gas and compressed-air pressures, and system configuration were evaluated with respect to the removal of sulfate and the amount of elemental sulfur generated. : S 2-forms minerals with Ag +. This is the electron configuration of helium; it denotes a full s orbital. The p orbital can hold up to six electrons. Barium, complete electron configuration. It reacts with all metals except gold and platinum, forming sulfides. Periodic table » Barium » Electron configuration. The chemical symbol for Sulfur is S. In a TOF mass spectrometer bromine forms ions with formula [Br 2]+ Sketch the pattern of peaks you would expect to see in the mass spectrum of a sample of bromine. Electron Configuration Calculator Added Nov 11, 2014 by Brennenlb in Chemistry Find the Electron configuration of any Element on the Periodic Table of Elements with this simple, yet very useful widget. As you can see, sodium has a 3s 1 that neon does not have, therefore, the noble gas configuration for sodium would be [Ne]3s 1. Concise Form of Electron Configuration Notation Element; 1s 1: Hydrogen (H) 1s 2: Helium (He). Germanium, complete electron configuration. [ worksheet here ] into Lewis Models (also known as Electron Dot Diagrams). Start by drawing its orbital notation for the Start by drawing its orbital notation for the outermost, valence electrons. Electron configurations of the first eighteen elements are shown here along with the Lewis electron-dot formulas and valence shell occupancies. This program determines the information shown below for either an atom or an ion. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S 8. Atomic spectrum. Gallium Where are the Electrons? Write the full electron configuration, short-hand electron configuration, and fill in the orbital diagrams, for the following elements. Pauli Exclusion Principle and Hund's Rule : There is yet another way to writing electron configurations. 30 seconds. Start studying Straighterline Chemistry Final. For each oxidation state of the cluster, the averaging over the different structures (ESI Fig. (2) (e) A sample of xenon has A r = 131. Level(cm-1) Ref. On the spectrum, sketch in the relative locations and correct peak heights for the spectrum of aluminum (atomic number = 13). Electron Configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 p 6 3s 2 p 4;. The inactivity of the noble gases tells us that there is something especially stable about the 1 s 2 configuration of helium and the n s 2 n p 6 configuration for the highest energy electrons of the other. What atom matches this electron configuration?1s22s22p63s23p64s23d10. ? Express your answer as the symbol for the element followed by the numbers of electrons in each shell, separated by commas. Spectral lines are produced when the atom returns to its ground state. s2p3 N, P, As, Sb, Bi c. Our sulfur page has over 300 facts that span 107 different quantities. 3c Electron Configurations for Elements in Periods 4–7 7. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The electrons of an atom all have the same charge and the same mass, but each electron has a different amount of energy. In writing the electron configuration for beryllium the first two electrons will go in the 1s orbital. Chromium h. n = 3, l = 1, ml = 0, ms = -1/2 b. What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral sulfur is [Ne]. A variety of sulfur-containing compounds exist, many of them organic. Electron configuration was first conceived under the Bohr model of the atom, and it is still common to speak of shells and subshells despite the advances in understanding of the quantum-mechanical nature of electrons. Electron Configuration Worksheet This worksheet provides extra practice for writing electron configurations. Electron Configuration and Oxidation States of Sulfur. This means part of the electron configuration has been replaced with the element symbol of the noble gas symbol. Electronic configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 >> Back to key information about the elementBack to key information about the element. The ground state electron configuration of a sulfur atom is shown below. A) [Ne]3s 2 B) [Ar]3s 2 C) [Ne]3s 2 3p 4 D) [He]2s 4 2p 8 E) [He]3s 2 Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Var: 10 Page Ref: 7. In an atom, the electrons spin around the center, also called the nucleus. Later, the two MBfRs were coupled by a recirculation flow. Atomic Number: 16. Most free monatomic ions existing in nature obey the octet rule. When we use an orbital notation for an element's electron configuration, we are visually representing the probable locations of. Electron Configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 p 6 3s 2 p 4; Electrons per Energy Level: Sulfur - S (EnvironmentalChemistry. An atom of Sulfur in the gas phase, for example, gives off energy when it gains an electron to form an ion of Sulfur. From the Latin word sulfur, meaning brimstone: Date and Place of Discovery: Known to the ancients (referred to as brimstone in the Bible) In 1777 in France it was determined to be an element: Discovered by: Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier: Common Compounds: Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2) Hydrogen Sulfide (H 2 S) Ammonium sulfate. How to Write the Electron Configuration for Beryllium. Pure sulfur is a tasteless, odorless, brittle solid that is pale yellow in color, a poor conductor of electricity, and insoluble in water. Hence it's electronic configuration is 2, 8, 6 in the three shells respectively. Identify the elements having the following electron configurations: a. Label each peak in the spectrum to show which subshell it represents (i. Sulfur needs another two electrons to have a stable arrangement. Now, adding a fourth electron means it must pair up with one of the electrons in one of the three p orbitals. The conventional way to determine electron configuration As previously mentioned, electron configuration is a particular distribution of electrons among available orbitals. Start by drawing its orbital notation for the Start by drawing its orbital notation for the outermost, valence electrons. Experimental configuration, inoculation and operation. Bromine tends to form a monatomic ion which has the electronic configuration of a noble gas. The configuration notation provides an easy way for scientists to write and communicate how electrons are. You can see that each of the sulfur atoms has eight electrons, and the two hydrogens have two electrons each. To save room, the configurations are in noble gas shorthand. : S 6+ is essential to nutrition of at least some vertebrates ('essential minerals'). Sulfide ion have 18 electrons, thus we have to draw 3 rings and 18 "x". Electron configuration for phosphorus is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3. dictates the ground state configurations. If we're going to make this short hand and make the electron configuration for this we would make this 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 4s2, 3d4 okay from now on every time you see 3d4 you're going to change it, we do not like 3d4. Electron Configurations and Orbital Diagrams According to the Quantum Mechanical model of the atom, every electron of an atom is described by four quantum numbers. Rubidium g. Give The Full Electron Configuration For Sulfur And The "3s^2 3p^4" Isn't The Right Answer! Question: Give The Full Electron Configuration For Sulfur And The "3s^2 3p^4" Isn't The Right Answer! This problem has been solved!. Kaliambos (Natural Philosopher in New Energy) November 5, 2015 Sulfur is an atom of the chemical element sulfur with symbol S and atomic number 16. S+ means it has lost one electron. Predict the charge or charges for the ions formed by atoms of (a) scandium, Sc, (b) gallium, Ga, and (c) sulfur, S. Sulfur has a nominal density of 2 gm/cm 3, but in its rhombic crystalline form it has a density of 5. The chemical symbol for Sulfur is S. Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas with a pungent odor. The total number of electrons in an atom of sulfur = 2 + 8 + 6 = 16. Sulfur has a valence electron configuration of 3s23p4. Write the electron configuration and the orbital diagram of the first excited state of sodium. Experimental configuration, inoculation and operation. Mg: ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø 1s 2s 2p 3s 5. The chemical properties of the elements reflect their electron configurations. If your periodic table doesn’t agree with this, your answers for elements near the f-orbitals may be slightly different. There is yet another way to writing electron configurations. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent. Titanium atoms have 22 electrons and the shell structure is 2. Atomic Number: 16 Symbol: S Atomic Weight: 32. 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^1(2, 8, 1). Electron Counting Description of a transition metal 1) Formal Oxidation State 2) d Electron Configuration 3) Total Electron Count at the Metal 4) Coordination Number Consider Wilkinson’s Catalyst: Assignment of Oxidation State a) Remove ligands in closed shell configuration b) The charge on the metal is the oxidation state [Rh(I)] Ph3P. What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. Spectral lines are produced when the atom returns to its ground state. [Ar] 4s 1 c. T he electron configuration for Sulfur is (Ne) 3s^2 3p^4. 1 Average geometries of the iron–sulfur cluster that result from (a) the six redox-layer assignments for [Fe 4 S 4] 3+ and (b) the three assignments for [Fe 4 S 4] 2+. Wiemer * and H. Sulfur is an electronegative element; it tends to attract electrons. In the case of Nickel the abbreviated electron configuration is [Ar] 3d8 4s2. In this way, sulfur atom gets total 6 covalent. The nitrogen atom also hybridizes in the sp 2 arrangement, but differs from carbon in that there is a "lone pair" of electron left on the nitrogen that does not participate in the bonding. ) of each species. 03 eV Experimental ionization potentials from 3d versus from 4s in Sc:. Atomic symbol: S. If your periodic table doesn’t agree with this, your answers for elements near the f-orbitals may be slightly different. Exercises 1. Electron Configuration An electron configuration is a description of electron arrangement within an atom, which indicates both population and location of electrons among the various atomic orbitals. The electron configuration for sulfur is: 1s^(2)2s^(2)2p^(6)3s^(2)3p^(4) But sulfur has 6 valence electrons, tends to have a 2- charge and forms 2 bonds. Hydrogen only has one electron in its lowest energy level. - the first letter of an element is capitalized and the second is a small letter. Write electron configurations for Al, P, Cl, & S (aluminum, phosphorous, chlorine,and sulfur). So, for example, if we wanted to know the electron configuration for sodium (atomic number 11), we start at the top left and follow that arrow to 1s2 (we can only add two electrons to an "s" orbital). Electron Configurations - Solutions Note: The electron configurations in this worksheet assume that lanthanum (La) is the first element in the 4f block and that actinium (Ac) is the first element in the 5f block. ) Fill in order of increasing n 3. A) [Ne] 2s22p4 B) [Ar] 2s22p4 C) [Ne] 3s23p4 D) [Ne] 3s23d4. pdf Created Date: 10/23/2014 11:07:49 PM. Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. For each oxidation state of the cluster, the averaging over the different structures (ESI Fig. Sulfur (S) [Ne] 3s 2 3p 5: Chlorine (Cl) [Ne] 3s 2 3p 6: Argon (Ar) [Ar] 4s 1: Potassium (K) [Ar] 4s 2: Calcium (Ca) [Ar] 3d 1 4s 2: Scandium (Sc) [Ar] 3d 2 4s 2: Titanium (Ti) [Ar] 3d 3 4s 2: Vanadium (V) [Ar] 3d 5 4s 1: Chromium (Cr) [Ar] 3d 5 4s 2: Manganese (Mn) [Ar] 3d 6 4s 2: Iron (Fe) [Ar] 3d 7 4s 2: Cobalt (Co) [Ar] 3d 8 4s 2: Nickel (Ni) [Ar] 3d 10 4s 1: Copper (Cu) [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2: Zinc (Zn) [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 1. Write an electron configuration for element X that shows the atom in a different excited state. Chemists use electron configuration notation to depict electrons in chemical reactions and bonding. Start studying Straighterline Chemistry Final. Phosphorus has 15 electrons so the electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3 Sulfur has 16 electrons and fills up the. Chemists use electron configuration notation as well as the energy level diagram to represent which energy level, subshell, and orbital are occupied by electrons in any particular atom. This upper right section of non-metals are the most reactive and have the highest electronegativity. Electron configuration of Sulfur is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. Concise Form of Electron Configuration Notation. With around-the-clock expert help and a community of over 250,000 knowledgeable members, you can find the help you need, whenever you need it. Atomic Number: 16. Later, the two MBfRs were coupled by a recirculation flow. What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. Selenium is a member of the sulfur family with elements including tellurium and polonium. 1 Atomic Number : 16 Group : Non-Metals Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2. of electron in 3rd orbit = 16-(2+8) = 6 ( Max. Mg: ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø ↑Ø 1s 2s 2p 3s 5. Phosphorus has 15 electrons so the electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3 Sulfur has 16 electrons and fills up the. Hint: You should have the electron orbital diagrams for all of these from last night’s homework and today’s warm-up. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S 8. Beryllium is the fourth element with a total of 4 electrons. Electron Configurations. An sulfur atom (S) has 16 electrons means having an electron configuration as follows: 1s², 2s², 2p⁶, 3s², 3p⁴ or we can write with the noble gas symbol [Ne] 3s² 3p⁴ From this configuration, it has been seen that the last electron (16th electron) occupies a 3p orbital (3p⁴) orbital with a downward symbol The quantum number: n = 3 l = 1. For example, sodium (atomic number 11) has its 11 electrons distributed in the first three shells as follows: the K and L shells are completely filled, with 2 and 8 electrons respectively, while the M shell is only partially filled. From the Latin word sulfur, meaning brimstone: Date and Place of Discovery: Known to the ancients (referred to as brimstone in the Bible) In 1777 in France it was determined to be an element: Discovered by: Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier: Common Compounds: Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2) Hydrogen Sulfide (H 2 S) Ammonium sulfate. So can now conclude Sulfur's configuration ends in 3p4. The Lewis electron dot formula is: (b) Sulfur has the electron configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4, therefore there are 10 core electrons and 6 valence electrons. A silicate mineral which contains sulfur is helvite. This upper right section of non-metals are the most reactive and have the highest electronegativity. As a result, sulfur forms many compounds that are analogs of oxygen compounds, as shown in the table below. Write the shorthand electron configuration for: Ni [Ar]3d84s2 Ge [Ar]3d104s24p2 Cs [Xe]6s1 Br [Ar]3d104s24p5 Bi [Xe] 6s24f145d106p3 4. This means that it tells us that the atomic number is 23 and it tells use the number of valence electrons. Sulfur, nonmetallic chemical element, one of the most reactive of the elements. Sulfur needs another two electrons to have a stable arrangement. "Oxide" itself is the dianion of oxygen, an O 2– atom. What are valence electrons? the outermost electrons in an atom. Germanium Electronic configuration. Capacity is 2 ) No. This upper right section of non-metals are the most reactive and have the highest electronegativity. The outer ring, on the other hand, has 6 electrons but it would like to have 2 more because, in the second electron ring, 8 electrons is the stable configuration. The electron configuration of sulfur (long) is: 1s22s22p63s23p4. EXAMPLE -Predicting Ion Charge:. When an electron is added to a neutral atom, energy is released. The sodium atom loses its outer electron to become a sodium ion. Write an abbreviated electron configuration for each ion and use it to explain why the ion acquires the charge it does. The maximum electrons that can be carried by the sub-shell S is 2, by P is 6, by D is 10, and the F sub-shell can carry 14. Configuration of Kr is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6, so [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 means 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 - that's configuration of neutral Cd atom. The next six electrons will go in the 2p orbital. Besides being found in pure form, sulfur can be found in minerals like gypsum, CaSO 4. 0 MJ/mole? Explain. B is incorrect because there are no p orbitals at the first energy level, ie, no 1p orbitals. Router Screenshots for the Sagemcom Fast 5260 - Charter. Barium, complete electron configuration. Note especially the following points: Orbitals fill "from the bottom up" and they occupy separate orbitals (spin unpaired) before pairing up. )!! The!outermost!electrons!surrounding!an!atom(the!valence. Electron Configuration and Oxidation States of Sulfur. In the case of Sulfur the abbreviated electron configuration is [Ne] 3s2 3p4. Each orbital has a unique size (n value), shape (l value), and spatial orientation (m l value). Since 1s can only hold two electrons the remaining 2 electrons for Be go in the 2s orbital. Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. Carbon atom has 4 electrons in its valence shell and, therefore, it can attain a noble gas configuration either by losing or gaining or sharing 4 electrons. Periodic table » Barium » Electron configuration. And we count over one, two, three, four, that would be 3p4. The configuration notation provides an easy way for scientists to write and communicate how electrons are. 243 Applied Surface Science 47 (1991) 243-250 North-Holland Segregation of sulfur during growth of oxide scales H. 2%) in the human body, so that a 60 kg adult contains a total of about 120 g of potassium. What makes sulfur monoxide and diatomic sulfur so unstable considering it has a similar electron configuration as oxygen? In a galvanic cell, why do electrons move through the wire from Zn -> Cu 60 · 10 comments. Usually, it would take you at least 8 steps to determine the electron configuration. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Z=16 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4 Question: Consider a neutral sulfur (S) atom in the ground state. 3p4and the term symbolis 3P2. com)- Comprehensive information for the element. Recall that orbitals represent probability distributions meaning that there is a high probability of finding this electron somewhere within this spherical region. The first ten electrons of the sodium atom are the inner-shell electrons and the configuration of just those ten electrons is exactly the same as the configuration of the element neon (Z = 10). Write the electron configuration of sulfur. Tags: Question 8. Now, adding a fourth electron means it must pair up with one of the electrons in one of the three p orbitals. All of the elements in Period 3 have a total of 2 electrons in the A) 2s sublevel C) 2p sublevel B) 3s sublevel D) 3p sublevel. We'll also look at why Sulfur forms 2- ion and how the electron configuration for S2- is the same as the Nobel gas Argon. Clearly, a strong change occurs in electron fluxes carried by NADH-DH and Succ-DH, respectively: under aerobic conditions, increasing R Succ enhances the electron influx into the ETC via Succ-DH (EM5 and EM6 contribute stronger), whereas the influx of electrons via NADH-DH is thereby lowered (reduced activity for EM7 and EM8). In the case of Nickel the abbreviated electron configuration is [Ar] 3d8 4s2. However, there are exceptions. The periodic table is structured so that elements with the same type of valence electron configuration are arranged in columns. An excited state electron configuration is any electron configuration for an atom that contains the correct total number of electrons but has a higher total electron potential energy than the ground state electron configuration. Sulfur atom forms six σ sp3d2-p bonds with 6 fluorine atoms by using these sp 3 d 2 orbitals. ! 56! Chapter5:Electron!Configuration,!LewisDot!Structure,!andMolecularShape !! Electron)configuration. A system of two membrane biofilm reactors (MBfRs) was tested for the conversion of sulfate (1. Nevertheless, check the complete configuration and other interesting facts about Sulfur that most people don't know. Even materials considered pure elements often develop an oxide coating. An orbital is defined as the most probable location for finding an electron. 30 seconds. Which of the following elements has the same number of valence electrons as the element sulfur, S, atomic #16? Phosphorus, P, atomic #15 Chlorine, Cl, atomic #17. Germanium Electronic configuration. Number of Sulphur = 16 No. How to Make a Model of a Sulfur Atom. Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and the shell structureis 2. In this lecture we continue the discussion of Quantum Numbers and their use in Electron Configurations as well as the relationship of electron configuration to the periodic properties of the elements. There are a number of experimental values that can help probe this issue: Experimental energy required to excite one electron from 4s to 3d in Sc: Sc ([Ar]3d14s2) → Sc ([Ar]3d24s1) ΔE = 2. Conventional notation is used, i. Electron Configurations. It reacts with all metals except gold and platinum, forming sulfides. On the spectrum, sketch in the relative locations and correct peak heights for the spectrum of aluminum (atomic number = 13). Electron Configuration Review Directions For 1-7: Given the element Sulfur (Atomic Number 16, Mass Number 32), please provide all the following information for this element. ” Ultramicroscopy, vol. Start studying Straighterline Chemistry Final. 1s22s 22p63s 3p4 Sulfur 12. Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas with a pungent odor. : S 6+ solute can be a limiting nutrient in the growth of bacteria. Home; Czech version; Table; Periodic table » Barium » Electron configuration. (2) (e) A sample of xenon has A r = 131. Write the electron configurations for neutral atoms of gallium (GaGa), chlorine (ClCl), phosphorus (PP), calcium (CaCa), and sulfur (SS). Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. A) [Ne] 2s22p4 B) [Ar] 2s22p4 C) [Ne] 3s23p4 D) [Ne] 3s23d4. Re: Electron Configuration of Br- Post by Chem_Mod » Mon Apr 30, 2018 1:25 am [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6 is the preferred notation because chemistry (valence electron interactions) of Br- ion actually is better represented this way than a stable Kr atom which is represented by [Kr]. Electron Configurations. However, the first part of this long expression, 1s2 2s2 2s6, is the electron configuration of neon. n = 4, l = 2, ml = -1, ms = +1/2. Sulfur's atomic number is 16; therefore, it has 16 electrons in its outermost energy level. Here, we have explained the molecular geometry, electron geometry, Lewis structure, bond angle, and polarity of SO2 (Sulfur Dioxide). Nitrogen - sp 3 hybridization. The charge on the ion can also be. How many electrons can the first energy level hold? answer choices. Explore the analytical technique of photoelectron spectroscopy (PES). (2) (e) A sample of xenon has A r = 131. Capacityis 8 ) 1st orbit has only 1s orbital. So, for example, if we wanted to know the electron configuration for sodium (atomic number 11), we start at the top left and follow that arrow to 1s2 (we can only add two electrons to an "s" orbital). Sulfur has 16 electrons - so its structure would be [Ne] 3s23p6; it would gain 2 electrons to become an ion (non-metals gain), so its ion structure would be [Ne] 3s23p8and that makes it also isoelectronic with Argon. An excited state electron configuration is any electron configuration for an atom that contains the correct total number of electrons but has a higher total electron potential energy than the ground state electron configuration. Whatever the surf…. Carbon atom has 4 electrons in its valence shell and, therefore, it can attain a noble gas configuration either by losing or gaining or sharing 4 electrons. Selenium is a member of the sulfur family with elements including tellurium and polonium. Materials and methods 2. s2d1 Sc, Y, La, Ac b. Tags: Question 8. Write electron configurations for Al, P, Cl, & S (aluminum, phosphorous, chlorine,and sulfur). What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. The shorthand notation for the electron configuration of Sulfur is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 4. It is a liquid when under pressure, and it dissolves in water very easily. Hint: You should have the electron orbital diagrams for all of these from last night’s homework and today’s warm-up. S1†) was performed using the Z-matrices, which were built with the help of the newzmat utility in the Gaussian package. •To determine the electron configuration of any of the first 38 elements of the periodic table •To determine the identity of an element from its electron configuration •To complete an orbital diagram using arrows to represent electrons. Spectral lines are produced when the atom returns to its ground state. Electron Configuration. For example, the electron configuration of lithium is \(1\text{s}^{2}2\text{s}^{1}\). Sulfur has a valence electron configuration of 3s23p4. One point is. Helium is unique since its valence shell consists of a single s-orbital. 066 Discovery: Known since prehistoric time Element Classification: Non-Metal Electron Configuration: [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 Word Origin: Sanskrit: sulvere, Latin: sulpur, sulphurium: words for sulfur or brimstone. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start over; Help; Match the electron configuration to the appropriate element. of electron in 1st orbit = 2 (Max. If this were the configuration used in covalent bonding, carbon would only be able to form two bonds. How to Make a Model of a Sulfur Atom. Configuration of Kr is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6, so [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 means 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 - that's configuration of neutral Cd atom. Later, the two MBfRs were coupled by a recirculation flow. See the name and how it's di-sulfide?The "DI" means two sulfur atoms. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S 8. Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. "Oxide" itself is the dianion of oxygen, an O 2– atom. Electron orbitals are differently-shaped regions around an atom's nucleus where electrons are mathematically likely to be located. 3p4and the term symbolis 3P2. What is the shorthand electron configuration for Sulfur atom? answer choices [Ar] 3p 4 [He] 3s 2 3p 4 [Ne] 3s 2 3p 4 [Na] 3s 2 3p 3. Experimental configuration, inoculation and operation. Electron configuration Mn2+ Post by Chem_Mod » Thu Nov 17, 2011 6:52 pm In some places, the electron configuration for, for example, Mn2+ (or other metals) is [Ar]3d5 and in other places 3d3 4s2. This makes it easier to understand and predict how atoms will interact to. As a result, sulfur forms many compounds that are analogs of oxygen compounds, as shown in the table below. 1 Average geometries of the iron–sulfur cluster that result from (a) the six redox-layer assignments for [Fe 4 S 4] 3+ and (b) the three assignments for [Fe 4 S 4] 2+. Start by drawing its orbital notation for the Start by drawing its orbital notation for the outermost, valence electrons. Write the ground-state electron configuration for the calcium ion. Sulfur needs another two electrons to have a stable arrangement. The electrons in an atom's outermost shell, its valence electrons, are most important in determining its chemistry. Electron affinity: -200 kJ/mol. The sodium ion still has 11 protons (11 positive charges) but now only 10 electrons (10 negative charges). The Kossel shell structure of tellurium. Whatever the surf…. Chemists use electron configuration notation as well as the energy level diagram to represent which energy level, subshell, and orbital are occupied by electrons in any particular atom. Which Element Has The Following Electron Configuration 1s22s22p63s23p1. Group 5A atoms have one valence electron in each of the 3 p orbitals. 7 2) The condensed electron configuration of krypton, element 36, is _____.
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